Selected Works

Gerhard Richter was born on February 9, 1932 in Dresden, Germany. The artist currently lives and works in Cologne, Germany.

Richter is a contemporary German painter considered among the most influential living artists. Richter’s experiments with abstraction and photo-based painting greatly contributed to the history of the medium. Culling from his vast image archive known as the Atlas, Richter’s paintings reference images of his daughter Betty, flickering candles, aerial photographs, portraits of criminals, and pastoral landscapes. “Pictures are the idea in visual or pictorial form,” he reflected. “And the idea has to be legible, both in the individual picture and in the collective context.” Born on February 9, 1932 in Dresden, Germany during the rise of the Nazi regime.

After World War II, living in East Germany under Soviet rule, Richter learned to produce of highly realistic Socialist Realist murals. In 1961, Richter fled to West Germany, where he studied at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf alongside Sigmar Polke. During this time, the artist first began producing blurred photo-paintings. The works explore the conflicting nature of an image’s formal make up and the content it contains. Richter introduced abstraction to his repertoire in the following decades, analyzing painterly expression through a technique of squeegeeing paint over the canvas. In 2012, Richter set a record auction price for a painting sold by a living artist, with his Abstraktes Bild (809-4) (1994) which went for $34 million. He broke this twice again, first in 2013 with Domplatz, Mailand (Cathedral square, Milan) (1968) selling for $37.1 million, then in 2015 by the sale of Abstraktes Bild (1986) for $44.52 million.  

EDUCATION

1952–1957
Studied at the Dresden Art Academy, Dresden, Germany

1961–1963
Studied at the Düsseldorf Art Academy under KO Gotz, Düsseldorf, German

SOLO EXHIBITIONS

2010
Gerhard Richter, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)

2009
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Museo de Artes Visuales (MAVI), Santiago, Chile; Museo Nacional de Arte, La Paz, Bolivia (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Modern Times (Artist Rooms), Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art (mima), Middlesbrough, UK (solo)
St. Moritz Art Masters. Gerhard Richter, Paracelsus Building, St. Moritz, Switzerland (solo)
Wege in der Gegenwart. Gerhard Richter, Kunsthaus Villa Jauss, Oberstdorf, Germany (solo)
Centre de la photographie, Geneva, Switzerland (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Paintings From Private Collections, Museum Küppersmühle, Duisburg, Germany (solo)
Richter en France, Musée de Grenoble, Grenoble, France (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Abstract Paintings, Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Retrospektive, Albertina, Vienna, Austria, 2009 (solo)

2008
Gerhard Richter, Kumu Art Museum, Tallinn, Estonia (solo)
Gerhard Richter, Museum De Pont, Tilburg, The Netherlands (solo)
Gerhard Richter. 4900 Colours, Serpentine Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Prints of Gerhard Richter, Saint Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, AL (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Paintings 1963 – 2007, National Art Museum of China, Beijing,China (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Panorama, Cultuurcentrum Strombeek, Belgium (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Paintings from Private Collections, Royal Scottish Academy Building, National Gallery Complex, Edinburgh, UK (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Abstrakte Bilder, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Overpainted Photographs, Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen, Germany
Gerhard Richter. 48 Portraits, De Pont Museum voor hedendaagse kunst, Tilburg, The Netherlands (solo)

2007
Croatia; Lewis Glucksman Gallery, Cork, Ireland; Georgian National Museum, Tbilisi, Georgia (solo)

2006
Federation; Kaliningrad State Art Gallery, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation (solo)
Gerhard Richter. sichtweise-schichtweise, Galerie Terminus, Munich, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter, Wako Works of Art, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Gerhard Richter, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea (solo)

2005
Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, Japan (solo)
Gerhard Richter, Cuxhavener Kunstverein, Cuxhaven, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Strontium, De Young Museum, San Francisco, CA (solo)
Gerhard Richter. 2.5.89-7.5.89. Sechs Fotos, Corkin Shopland Gallery, Toronto, Canada (solo)
Gerhard Richter, Marian Goodman, New York, NY (solo)
Works on paper, Mike Karstens, Münster, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Laznia Centre for Contemporary Art, Gdansk, Poland (solo)
Gerhard Richter. New Works, Wako Works of Art, Tokyo, Japan (solo)

2004
Gerhard Richter, Moving Energies, Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter – Landscapes, Zwirner & Wirth. New York, NY (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Printed!, Kunstmuseum Luzern, Switzerland; Kunstmuseum, Bonn, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Centre for Contemporary Art, Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw, Poland (solo)
Gerhard Richter, Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain (solo)
Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran, Iran (solo)

2003
Gerhard Richter, Atlas, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Daelim Contemporary Art Museum, Seoul, South Korea; Tokyo Wonder Site, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Gerhard Richter. 40 Years of Painting, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C. (solo)
Richter 858, an Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA), San Francisco, CA (solo)

GROUP EXHIBITIONS

2013
Neuerwerbungen FrÜhjahr 2013 – Galerie Ludorff, Dusseldorf
geteilt | ungeteilt – Kunst in Deutschland 1945 bis 2010 – Galerie Neue Meister – Albertinum, Dresden
NeuenGalerie – neu gesehen: Sammlung + documenta-Erwerbungen – Neue Galerie, Kassel
Dansk Og International Kunst Efter 1900 – Statens museum for kunst, Copenhagen
Clouds – World of the Ephemeral – Leopold Museum, Vienna
Contra Tàpies – Fundación Antoni Tàpies, Barcelona
Von Kopf bis Fuß – Porträts und Menschenbilder in der Sammlung Würth – Kunsthalle Würth, Schwäbisch Hall
Don’t Be Shy, Don’t Hold Back – The Logan Collection At Sfmoma – San Francisco Museum of Modern Art – SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA
Give Us This Day … When Art Goes To Church – Museet for Religiøs Kunst, Lemvig
Gerhard Richter – Palazzo Re Rebaudengo, Guarene d’Alba (CN)

2012
New Strip Paintings and 8 Glass Panels – Wako Works of Art, Tokyo
Gerhard Richter – Museo de Arte de Lima – MALI, Lima
Gerhard Richter – Volker Bradtke, Dusseldorf
Gerhard Richter – Marian Goodman Gallery, New York City, NY
Gerhard Richter, Panorama – Centre Pompidou – Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris
Gerhard Richter – Anima Gallery, The Pearl
Gerhard Richter – Beirut – Beirut Art Center, Beirut
Seven Works – Portland Art Museum, Portland, OR
Gerhard Richter: October 18, 1977 (1988) – Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin
Gerhard Richter – Panorama – Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin
Gerhard Richter – Editions – me Collectors Room Berlin, Berlin
Gerhard Richter – Das Prinzip der Serialität in Malerei und Grafik – GALERIE SPRINGER BERLIN, Berlin
Gerhard Richter – Kunstgewerbemuseum Dresden, Dresden
Gerhard Richter – Atlas – Kunsthalle im Lipsiusbau, Dresden
Gerhard Richter – Galerie Löhrl, Mönchengladbach

2011
Gerhard Richter: Panorama – Tate Modern, London (England)
Gerhard Richter – Galerie Marian Goodman, Paris
Sinbad – FLAG Art Foundation, New York City, NY
Gerhard Richter. Bilder einer Epoche – Bucerius Kunst Forum, Hamburg

2009
Double. 2 Seascapes, Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
PhotoEspaña. Gerhard Richter. Overpainted Photographs, Fundación Telefónica, Madrid, Spain

2007
Gerhard Richter, Art Gallery of Uzbekistan, Taschkent, Uzbekistan
Gerhard Richter: 30 years of editions, Kunsthandel Jorg MaaB, Berlin, German
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Gallery of Fine Arts, Osijek, Croatia; Croatian Artists Centre, Zagreb, 

2006
Gerhard Richter, Neues Museum Weserburg, Bremen, Germany
Zeitschnitt, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, Germany
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Museum of Russian Art, Kiev, Ukraine; National Centre of Contemporary Art, Moscow, Russian Federation; The State Museum of City Sculpture, St. Petersburg, Russian 
Gerhard Richter. Portraits, Museumsberg Flensburg, Flensburg, Germany

2005
Gerhard Richter. Painting as Mirror, Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art, Japan; 21st Century 

2004
Gerhard Richter. Survey, National Art Museum, Hanoi, Vietnam; Creation Art Gallery, Beijing, China; 

1963
Demonstration für den Kapitalistischen Realismus, Düsseldorf, Germany

LITERATURE

2009
Storr, Robert. Cage. Six Paintings by Gerhard Richter. London: Tate Publishing, 2009

2008
Richter, Gerhard; Buchloh, Benjamin H.D. Gerhard Richter. Abstract Painting. Paris: Marian Goodman Gallery, 2008