Selected Works

Marcel Janco was born in 1895 in Romania.
Janco had joined a group of artists at the Cafe Voltaire in Zurich, Switzerland in 1916 and was among the principal founders of the Dada Movement. Dada was a unique artistic movement which had a major impact on 20th century art. It was established in Cabaret Voltaire, in Zurich, Switzerland, by a group of exiled poets, painters and philosophers who were opposed to war, aggression and the changing world culture. Among the founders were Marcel Janco, Hugo Ball, Emmy Hennings, Hans Arp, Richard Huelsenbeck, and Tristan Tzara.

Janco designed masks and costumes for the famous Dada balls, and created abstract reliefs in cardboard and plaster. He had an eclectic style in which he brilliantly combined abstract and figurative elements, expressionistic in nature.

In 1922 Marcel Janco returned to his native Romania, where he made his mark as a painter, theoretician and architect. In 1941, in face of growing anti-semitism during World War II, he immigrated to the Land of Israel. When he came to Israel, Janco’s paintings became more figurative and more Jewish related, he used to paint landscapes of Safed and Tiberias. Although his style changed when he came to Israel, Janco was always loayal to the dadaist elements in his work. Janco was one of the founders of the New Horizons Group, organized in 1948.

In 1953 on the ruins of an abandoned Arab village, Marcel Janco established the artists’ village known as Ein Hod, which now boasts the Janco Dada Museum. In 1967 he was awarded the Israel Prize for Painting. In the last years of his life he worked together with his friends to erect the Janco Dada Museum. Janco died ten months after the inauguration of the museum in 1984.